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Doctors have found many causes of intellectual disabilities. Recent research has implicated smoking in increasing the risk of intellectual disability. In fact, alcohol is known to be the leading preventable cause of intellectual disability. The most common disorder is called autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Lastly, certain psychiatric conditions are associated with intellectual disabilities. 1- Prenatal Causes for Intellectual Disability: As it can be understood by the name, prenatal causes are the factors that cause intellectual disability in the mother's womb. Causes of intellectual and developmental disabilities have traditionally been divided into two categories: biological (or physiological) and environmental (or psychological and sociological). The causes of intellectual disability are often grouped according to the time of their occurrence. O- Other infections , including Hepatitis B, syphilis, and the virus herpes zoster, that causes chicken pox. Usually this is when signs of learning disabilities or intellectual disability surface. Children who have a sibling with autism are at a higher risk of also having autism spectrum disorder. Signs and symptoms of intellectual disability in children and teens. Usually this is when signs of learning disabilities or intellectual disability surface. What Causes an Intellectual Disability? The signs and symptoms of intellectual disability will vary tremendously from person to person depending upon the severity of the disability, the underlying cause for the disability, the implementation of appropriate interventions, and co-occurring disorders. Causes of intellectual disability are numerous, and specific causes may be unknown in many cases. There are many genetic causes of intellectual disability. O- Other infections , including Hepatitis B, syphilis, and the virus herpes zoster, that causes chicken pox. intellectual disability. Sometimes an intellectual disability is caused by abnormal genes inherited from parents, errors when genes combine, or other reasons. Pregnant women should practice safe sex and use condoms to reduce the risk of exposure. (1) It affects approximately 1% to 3% of the population. The two most common are Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome. Such a taxonomic grouping of causes might be … Pregnant women should practice safe sex and use condoms to reduce the risk of exposure. Intellectual disability (ID) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by deficits in both intellectual functioning and adaptive functioning, whose onset is in the developmental period. The most common DD conditions are intellectual disability, Down syndrome, autism, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, fetal alcohol syndrome, and fragile X syndrome. Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability include fetal alcohol syndrome; genetic and chromosomal conditions, such as Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome; and certain infections during pregnancy. • Problems during pregnancy - Use of alcohol or drugs by the pregnant mother can cause intellectual dis-ability. The most common are: Genetic conditions. Genetic causes of intellectual disability cannot be considered preventable. Other Failure to adapt normally and grow intellectually may become apparent early in life or, in … The acronym “IDD” is used to describe a group that includes either people with both ID and another DD or a group that includes people with ID or another DD. intellectual and developmental disabilities. Also having autism spectrum disorder other the causes of intellectual disability are often grouped according to the time of occurrence... 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